Best Farm Trail

A farmhouse on the horizon
Best Farm

NPS / Nathan King

The Best Farm Trail loops through a portion of the Best Farm, following a mowed path and the gravel road to complete the loop.

Trail info

  • Trailhead: Best Farm parking area (Tour Stop #1)
  • Trail blaze color: Blue
  • Distance: 1.5 mile loop
  • Surface: Mowed path and gravel road
  • Trail width: 6 feet
  • Grade: 3% typical, 9% maximum
  • Cross slope: 4% typical, 16% maximum

The Best Farm Trail consists of two loops in a figure-eight pattern. Most of this trail is mowed grass and follows the edge of farm fields; however, the middle part of the figure-eight (Best Farm entrance road) is a gravel lane. From this trail, you can cross under Urbana Pike (MD Route 355) to access the Junction Trail. Benches are located along the trail to offer places to rest and enjoy the surroundings. Please be alert for groundhog holes, uneven ground, and tree roots.


The Best Farm is on the former site of the L'Hermitage plantation from the late 1700s to the 1850s. The Vincendière family, who owned the land and the enslaved people living here, left Saint-Domingue (Haiti) for the United States in 1793, seeking to escape the threat of the French Revolution and the concurrent slave revolution in Haiti. They brought with them the unusual architectural elements reflected in the house and the barn, and the institution of slavery to an extraordinary degree. At slavery's height on the plantation, over 90 enslaved people lived on the plantation, many of them lodging in homes in the field below the Best Farm House. It is not clear why the Vincendières maintained such an abnormally large number of slaves, whether to work fields here or to be rented out for labor. Descendants of both the Vincendière family and the people they enslaved still live in this area.

On the day of the Battle of Monocacy, Confederate troops deployed along the landscape stretching out from the Best Farm house to the woods on the far side of the road, attempting to take a lightly, but stubbornly-guarded bridge crossing at the Monocacy River. As the battle developed, Confederate troops crossed through the farm here to cross the river at the Worthington ford and flank the federal troops on the opposing side of the river.


Last updated: August 21, 2023

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

4632 Araby Church Road
Frederick, MD 21704


301 662-3515
Visitor Center Phone Number

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