The history of education, schools, and African Americans is fraught with racism, from the early "free" schools in the North and plantation schools in the South to public school segregation. This history is also a textbook example of overcoming struggles and breaking barriers against all odds. African American leaders established groundbreaking and innovative educational programs and institutions for African American students, many of whom would eventually change the world.

To learn more about schools and education in American history, visit the NPS Schools & Education website.

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    Last updated: October 9, 2018