Sea Turtles of Padre Island

Volunteers and NPS staff holding netting over the beach at dawn while Kemp's ridley sea turtle hatchlings crawl underneath.
Kemp's ridley hatchlings make their way to the Gulf of Mexico at a public hatchling release at Padre Island National Seashore.

NPS Photo.


Sea turtles are one of the most iconic and popular animals found at Padre Island National Seashore.

All five of the sea turtle species found in the Gulf of Mexico rely on the park and its adjacent waters. Kemp's ridley sea turtles nest here more than at any other location in the United States. Juvenile green sea turtles live in the waters here year-round and adults nest on Padre Island in low numbers. Loggerhead sea turtles also nest in the park in low numbers and forage offshore. Leatherback sea turtles travel through the Gulf and historically nested here. Hawksbill sea turtles also travel through the area, finding food and rest along the way. These species are all federally listed as either endangered or threatened. Padre Island National Seashore is the only location in Texas where nests from all five of these species have been found.

Our Division of Sea Turtle Science and Recovery, the only division of its kind in the National Park Service, works to monitor and protect these animals. In spring and summer, nesting turtles are protected, examined, and tagged. A few are tracked using satellite telemetry. Nests are moved to protected areas and monitored until they hatch. When possible, the public is invited to watch newly hatched sea turtles make their way to the Gulf. Thousands of visitors and numerous media attend these public hatchling releases each year.

In winter, turtles that become cold stunned are rescued, rehabilitated by Division partners, and then released back into the Gulf. When possible, the public is invited to watch these cold stunned turtles being released. Stranded turtles, found at any time of year, are rescued and rehabilitated if found alive, or salvaged for research purposes if found dead. Other research projects conducted by the Division promote sea turtle conservation.

Padre Island National Seashore and the National Park Service have been part of the story of the Kemp's ridley since the 1970s. The work conducted by the National Seashore, led by Dr. Donna Shaver, is an important part of global efforts to save sea turtles. This work could not be accomplished without the help of many partners, volunteers, and communities.

Click on the images below to learn more about the sea turtles of Padre Island National Seashore!

A nesting Kemp's ridley sea turtle on the sandy beach surrounded by prairie grasses.
Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle

I’ll take the day shift. The Kemp’s ridley is the only sea turtle that nests primarily during the day. Find out why! (NPS Photo)

A green sea turtle on the beach.
Green Sea Turtle

What’s in a name? The green sea turtle is brown, not green! So why was it named the "green" sea turtle? (NPS Photo)

A hawksbill sea turtle swimming over coral and sand on the ocean floor.
Hawksbill Sea Turtle

The turtle with the iron stomach. What does a hawksbill eat? (NPS Photo)

A leatherback sea turtle crawling on the beach.
Leatherback Sea Turtle

Throw your weight around. A leatherback can get how big?!? (Caroline Rogers Photo)

A loggerhead sea turtle nesting on the sandy beach.
Loggerhead Sea Turtle

What a big head you have! A loggerhead is named after what?!? (NPS Photo)


Last updated: February 21, 2024

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