People of Springfield Armory

From 1794 to until its closure in 1968, Springfield Armory was operated by a highly-skilled and diverse workforce. Because of its nature as a high-technology manufacturer for most of its existence, the Armory acted as a magnet for those people interested in cutting-edge engineering, manufacturing, and experimentation. As a state of war ebbed and flowed throughout American history, so too did the number of workers employed at the U.S. Armory at Springfield. Since funding was increased with a declaration of war, workers were brought in at the start, trained, and, as peace drew near, released into the private sector with sought-after skills. This may have had a direct role in the movement of the "American System of Manufacture" from the U.S. Armories where it was developed, out into private manufacturers, which helped launch the Industrial Revolution.

A black and white photo of a man with glasses in a suit, standing at a machine making firearm parts.
John Garand

John Garand was a firearm designer who created the iconic M-1 Garand.

A black and white photo that contains multiple portraits of the leaders of the Armory.
The Leaders of Springfield Armory

Lean more about the various leaders of Springfield Armory!

A black and white photo of o a modern lathe trimming a gunstock.
Thomas Blanchard

Learn more about the man behind the Blanchard Lathe.

A black and white photo of a women in an dress and apron working on a gun stock.
Women Ordnance Workers (WOWs)

Women were essential to the operations of the Armory during both World Wars. Explore the history of the Armory WOWs!


Last updated: August 19, 2021

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

Springfield Armory National Historic Site
One Armory Square
Suite 2

Springfield, MA 01105


413 734-8551
The phone is answered during museum operating hours. All other times callers will be prompted to leave a voice message that will be received and responded to during museum operating hours.

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