Resource Protection at Big South Fork encompasses activities related to the management, preservation, and protection of a variety of natural communities and processes, historic structures, cultural landscapes, museum artifacts, and archaeological sites.
Activities within Natural Resource Management include ecosystem monitoring, research, restoration efforts, species-specific management initiatives, wildland fire management, National Environmental Policy Act management, and general resource protection.
The Cultural Resource Management program protects a legacy of American Indian and European-American heritage spanning over 12,000 years. In terms of total sites, Big South Fork is the most important archaeological location in the Southeast Region of the National Park Service. The 1,335 documented archaeological sites at Big South Fork represent only 20 percent of the estimated total for the park.