Backcountry Camping - Backpacking

Reservations and permits are required for all overnight stays in the backcountry. To make reservations, please visit the backcountry permit website.
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Covering backcountry and bear safety in regards to camping, food storage, shelters, and human-bear conflicts.

Learn more about backcountry safety

Text says, "Protect yourself and wildlife: Pack out all food and trash." 3 circles of correct & incorrect behaviors with food/trash. 1 & 2 have green checks & show proper cooking & packing out trash. 3 has a red x & a bear digging through a fire ring.
Proper and improper backcountry behaviors concerning food, trash, and fires.

Smokies Life Graphic/Emma Oxford

The Basics

As of February 2013, Great Smoky Mountains National Park requires a permit and advance reservations for all backcountry camping in the park. Before planning your backcountry trip, please read through important information about reservations and permits, regulations, bear safety, trail closures, and more.


Please direct questions concerning backpacking trip planning to the Backcountry Information Office at 865-436-1297. Phone calls are the preferred method of contact. The information office is open for phone calls daily from 8:00 am until 5:00 pm (Eastern Time) and in-person service from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. In addition to answering your backpacking questions, the experienced backpackers in the Backcountry Information Office can provide you with tips to make your trip safe and enjoyable.


The park has over 800 miles of trails offering hikers a wide range of scenery including spectacular mountain vistas, rushing streams and waterfalls, historic structures, and quiet groves of old-growth forest. You can download a park trail map to find the location of trails, backcountry shelters, and campsites in the park.

In addition, Smokies Life sells a variety of hiking books, maps, and guides to help choose a hiking route and plan your backcountry trip. Smokies Life is a nonprofit organization that supports educational and scientific programs in the park. You can contact the Association online or by phone at 865-436-0120.


Backpackers and hikers are subject to all Backcountry Rules and Regulations. Failure to abide by park regulations may subject you to a fine under Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations. Maximum fine for each violation is $5,000 and/or 6 months in jail.


Firewood Regulations: Beginning March 1, 2015, only heat-treated firewood that is bundled and certified by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or a state department of agriculture may be brought into the park. Campers may also collect dead and down wood found in the park for campfires.

Certified heat-treated firewood is packaged and clearly marked with a state or federal seal. Heat-treated wood is available from a growing list of private businesses in communities around the park. Concessioners at Cades Cove, Smokemont, and Elkmont will provide heat-treated wood for sale during their operating season (typically March through October at Smokemont and Elkmont and through December at Cades Cove). Learn more about this regulation.

Last updated: February 20, 2024

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107 Park Headquarters Road
Gatlinburg, TN 37738



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