The vegetation of the Monument is a mix of common plants adapted to generally dry, warm summers and cool winters, and special plants that take advantage of small areas with specific micro-climates...
Penstemon flowers


Blooming from early spring to late fall, an amazing variety of wildflowers can be found in the Monument...

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Ferns grow in sheltered, shady, moist areas, often at cave entrances.

Thurber's needlegrass


Grass is the foundation of many plant communities.

Lichens on lava


Not really a plant, lichens are part algae, part fungus.


Mosses and Liverworts

Non-vascular plants are common in surprising places.

Fungus on decaying wood

Mushrooms and other Fungi

Although not a plant, fungi are essential to how plants get nutrients from the soil.

Bitter cherry

Trees and Shrubs

Very different trees and shrubs live on this arid landscape...

For a full list of identified vascular plants in Lava Beds National Monument, select "Vascular Plants" from the list below.

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Last updated: December 14, 2023

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