William Van Ness

A portrait of William Van Ness
William Peter Van Ness

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William Peter Van Ness, son of Peter and Elbertie Van Ness, was born on February 13, 1778, in Ghent, New York. Little is known about his early childhood, but he attended Washington Seminary, the same school as Martin Van Buren. He then graduated from Columbia College, now Columbia University, in 1797. In 1800, at age 22, he read law with Edward Livingston and then began running his own private practice. Through the years, he had practices in Albany, Hudson, and New York City. In 1800, he married Anne McEvers in Red Hook, New York. In 1801, he served as a delegate to the New York Constitutional Convention, which was called to amend the 1777 state constitution.

Van Ness was a close friend of Aaron Burr, Thomas Jefferson's Vice President. On July 11, 1804, Van Ness served as Burr’s second in the famed duel between he and Alexander Hamilton. During the duel, Van Ness loaded Burr’s pistol and was present for the fatal shooting of Hamilton. Fearing persecution for his involvement in the duel, Van Ness returned to Kinderhook and sought the informal counsel of his friend, Martin Van Buren. Van Buren had finished his legal studies with Van Ness at his New York City office in 1802.

Not long after the duel, his father, Peter Van Ness, passed away on December 21, 1804; his property, called Kleinrood, was divided among his three sons. William received the newest structure, a brick home constructed in 1797, and 137 acres of land. From 1804–1810, William took a particular interest in the property, planting a garden and raising livestock. However, his political fortunes began to rise, and he soon relocated back to New York City. In May 1812, he was nominated to the United States District Court for the District of New York by President James Madison. Then, in 1814, he was reassigned to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Van Ness would maintain this position until his death on September 6, 1826, at age 48. He is buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, alongside his wife.

Prior to his death, Van Ness in 1824 had sold the Kleinrood estate as a repayment for a debt. The house and property sat vacant until 1839, when President Martin Van Buren purchased it and changed its name to Lindenwald.

William and Anne had five children: Edward Van Ness (1801-1879), Harriet Mary Van Ness (1803-1825), Eugene Van Ness (1804-1862), Matilda Eliza Van Ness (1806-1869) and Charles William Van Ness (1807-1883). The household also included at least four enslaved individuals, whose identities are unknown, according to the 1810 United States Census.

Last updated: September 17, 2022

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