History & Culture

HUTR 4715
Don Lorenzo Hubbell.

HUTR 4715


John Lorenzo Hubbell purchased the trading post in 1878, ten years after Navajos were allowed to return to their homeland from their terrible exile at Bosque Redondo, Ft. Sumner, New Mexico. During the four years spent at Bosque Redondo, Navajos were introduced to many new items. Traders like Hubbell supplied those items once they returned home.

Hubbell had an enduring influence on Navajo rugweaving and silversmithing, for he consistently demanded and promoted excellence in craftsmanship. He built a trading empire that included stage and freight lines as well as several trading posts. At various times, he and his two sons, together or separately, owned 24 trading posts, a wholesale house in Winslow, and other business and ranch properties. Beyond question, he was the foremost Navajo trader of his time.

Hubbell family members operated the trading post until it was sold to the National Park Service in 1967. The trading post is still active, and operated by the non-profit organization, Western National Parks Association, as a partner with the National Park Service. They continue the trading traditions the Hubbell family started.


Hubbell Trading Post NHS Administrative History - The movement to bring Hubbell Trading Post into the National Park System started in 1957. Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site was established by Act of Congress on August 28, 1965. Public Law 89-148 authorized the purchase of the "site and remaining structures of the Hubbell Trading Post at Ganado, Arizona, including the contents of cultural and historic value, together with such additional land and interests in land ... needed to preserve and protect the post and its environs for the benefit and enjoyment of the public." This report provides the detailed history of the Site prior to its establishment up into the mid-1990s.



Homestead and Farm History - A detailed history of the Ganado Irrigation System and the Hubbell Homestead agricultural practices.

Pawn: A Misunderstood Traditional Trading Practice - This report explains the history of the pawn process in the Navajo Culture and how it continues to be conducted today.

Museum Storage.
Historic Hopi pottery.

NPS photo.

The Hubbell Trading Post NHS Museum Collection

Nearly everything the Hubbell family owned is preserved for your enjoyment. The buildings are furnished with their belongings and the artifacts are available for researchers. The collection contains over 350,000 individual items including the family archive of 264,000 business records. The catalog database and archive finding aid are both available on-line.

To access the on-line database, click here. You will be taken to the National Park Service's portal to all of the museum collections in the NPS. Select Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site and begin your discovery of our museum collection holdings.

To access the Hubbell Trading Post archive finding aid, click here.


Culural Landscape Report: Hubbell Trading Post NHS Ganado, Arizona - This cultural landscape study documents the past land use and records the existing landscape conditions associated with John Lorenzo Hubbell's trading post, home site, and farming operation in Ganado, Arizona.

HUTR 3415
by E.A. Burbank, 1910.

A Web Exhibit - NAVAJO PORTRAITS - Hubbell Trading Post NHS

Explore selected artwork by Elbridge Ayer Burbank from the Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site museum collection. They were featured in the Portraits of the People: E.A. Burbank at Hubbell Trading Post exhibit at the Navajo Nation Museum, Window Rock, Arizona from August 9-December 21, 2002. Many of the artworks can be seen at Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site.

Last updated: July 19, 2023

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
P.O. Box 150

Ganado, AZ 86505-0150


928 755-3475

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