Threatened and Endangered Species

Citico
A Citico darter fish is nestled on the stream floor among the rocks.

NPS Photo

The following park species are federally listed as Threatened or Endangered:

Mammals
Gray Bat, Myotis grisescens - threatened
Northern long-eared Bat, Myotis septentrionalis - threatened
Indiana bat, Myotis sodalis - endangered
Carolina northern flying squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus - endangered

Fish
Citico darter, Etheostoma sitikuense - endangered
Smoky madtom, Noturus baileyi - endangered
Yellowfin madtom, Noturus flavipinnis - threatened

Arthropods
Rusty-patched bumble bee, Bombus affinis - endangered
• Spruce-fir moss spider, Microhexura montivaga - endangered
• Monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus - Proposed threatened

Plants
Spreading avens, Geum radiatum - endangered
Virginia spiraea, Spiraea virginiana - threatened
Rock gnome lichen, Gymnoderma lineare - endangered

Read more about the history and current status of the threatened and endangered species of Abrams Creek.

The following species have been extirpated from the park:

Gray wolf, Canis lupus - endangered mammal
Red wolf, Canis rufus - endangered mammal
Eastern puma or cougar, Felis concolor couguar - endangered mammal
Spotfin chub, Erimonax monachus - threatened fish
• Picoides borealis, Red-cockaded Woodpecker - endangered bird

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Many species in the park have no State or Federal designation but are considered rare and/or vulnerable. Some species like the Little Brown Bat and Tri-colored Bat have experienced population declines by over 95% in the last 10 years.

Mammals
Eastern small-footed bat
Little brown bat
Tri-colored bat

Birds
Henslow's Sparrow
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Cerulean Warbler
Red Crossbill
Black-capped Chickadee
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Golden-winged Warbler
Cape may Warbler
Canada Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Eastern Meadowlark
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Chimney Swift
Chuck-will widow
Eastern Whip-poor-will
Northern Harrier
Belted Kingfisher
Red-headed Woodpecker
Veery
Woodthrush
Scarlet Tanager

Amphibians
Eastern hellbender, Cryptobranchus alleganiensis
Seepage salamander, Desmognathus aeneus
Junaluska salamander, Eurycea junaluska

Reptiles
Northern pine snake, Pituophis melanileucus melanileucus

Fish
Olive darter, Percina squamata
Tennessee dace, Phoxinus tennesseensis

Mussels
Cumberland monnacinshell, Medionidus conradicus
Tennessee clubshell, Pleurobema oviforme
Tennessee pigtoe, Pleurnaia barnesiana

Plants
Fraser fir, Abies fraseri
Cain's reed grass, Calamagrostis cainii
Mountain bittercress, Cardamine clematitis
Smoky Mountain manna grass, Glyceria nubigena
Blue Ridge catchfly, Silene ovata
American ginseng, Panas quinquefolius

Snails
Big-tooth covert, Fumonelix jonesiana
Clingman covert, Fumonelix wheatleyi clingmanicus

Insects
Nine-spotted lady beetle, Coccinella novemnotata
Yellow banded bumble bee, Bombus terricola
Yellow bumble bee, Bombus fervidus
American bumble bee, Bombus pensylvanicus

Please remember while you explore the park to leave everything as you found it, take nothing but pictures and memories, and leave only your footprints.

Last updated: July 13, 2022

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