• Currier & Ives lithograph depicting the bombardment of Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter

    National Monument South Carolina

Where the American Civil War Began

Decades of growing strife between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back.

Did You Know?

South Carolina state flag

The palmetto tree has been a symbol of South Carolina since June 28, 1776 because the first Fort Moultrie was built of palmetto logs. The battle of Sullivan's Island was the Revolutionary War's first decisive victory of American forces over the British Navy. Fort Sumter National Monument, SC