It is possible to see various groupings of people in one search – for example, all those killed in the Pima Rebellion of 1751, or all the Franciscan priests who served in the Pimería Alta. To see any of the groupings listed below, simply type the bolded words or letters on the left into the “Title” box on the search page, leaving the rest of the fields blank.
The following are Apache attacks in which several (or many) people were killed
Baptisms in Large Numbers
Trip to Caborca – Padre Agustín de Campos visited the settlements to the west of San Ignacio in the spring of 1720, baptizing 39 people at Caborca
Six Nijoras – lists six Nijora children baptized at the
same time on
During the northern – Padre Campos made a trip to the north, traveling 160 leagues, in the early spring 1724 because the O’odham were sick with smallpox and requesting baptism. Along the road and at the villages of Cocóspera, Guevavi, Xona, Comac, Toaqui, Cuituaboca, San Xavier del Bac, Tres Álamos, Quiburi, Tuhto, Bacarica, Babaquiburica buhvi, and Ímuris he baptized 175 people.
1727 at San Ignacio – Padre Gallardi baptized sixteen children and an adult on August 6th at San Ignacio
1728 at San Ignacio – Padre Campos baptized twenty children the day after Christmas at San Ignacio
1731 at San Ignacio – Padre Campos baptized nine children on March 25th at San Ignacio
Casa Grande – In
the summer of 1743, Padre Keller made a trip northward as far as the
1748 at Guevavi – With license from José Garrucho, Padre Joaquín Feliz Díaz baptized ten children from Toac, Sópori, and Guevavi on November 26th. Feliz Diaz recorded their names, parents and godparents. Later, Padre Garrucho recorded where they were from.
Pipiac in February – Padre Garrucho baptized nine children at this Ranchería
Pipiac in March – Padre Garrucho
was back at Pipiac on
Tres Alamos – Padre Miguel de la Vega was
sent to Tres Alamos on the
1753 at Guevavi – At Guevavi on
Nine Indian children –
lists nine Indian children (six Nijoras, two Jallcheduns, and an apparent Apache) who were baptized by
Padre Francisco Moyano at Caborca on
Burials beneath the Floors of the Churches
Church at Calabazas – lists 10 deceased persons buried under the floor of the church at Calabazas
Church at Cocóspera – lists 5 people buried under the floor of the church at Cocóspera
Church at Guevavi – lists 105 people buried under the floor of the church at Guevavi
Janos Presidio Chapel – lists 226 people buried under the floor of the presidio chapel at Janos
Old Janos church – lists 18 people buried under the floor of the old church at Janos
Church at San Ignacio – lists 142 people buried under the floor of the church at San Ignacio
Church at Sonoitac – lists 13 people buried under the floor of the church at Sonoitac
Church at Suamca – lists 30 people buried under the floor of the church at Suamca
Church at Tubac – lists 11 people buried under the floor of the church at Tubac
Church at Tumacácori
– lists 32 people buried under the floor of the church at Tumacácori. With the
exception of the two priests, Baltazar Carrillo and Narciso Gutiérrez, they were all
buried in the old Jesuit church, not the present-day Franciscan church. The two
priests were first buried under the floor of the
1723 epidemic – killed fourteen people at the Janos Presidio in a month-and-a-half, six of whom were employees or children of employees of Captain Antonio Bezerra Nieto.
Smallpox epidemic of 1724 – Traveling 160 leagues, Father Campos made a trip to the north in the early spring 1724 because the O’odham were sick with smallpox and requesting baptism. Along the road and at the villages of Cocóspera, Guevavi, Xona, Comac, Toaqui, Cuituaboca, San Xavier del Bac, Tres Álamos, Quiburi, Tuhto, Bacarica, Babaquiburica buhvi, and Ímuris he baptized 175 people, many of whom were sick and dying.
Measles epidemic of
1728-29 – Over sixty people of all ages died from the measles between
Small pox epidemic of 1737 – The summer of 1737 saw a devastating small pox epidemic in the Pimería. At least thirty people died in San Ignacio-Ímuris area, alone. Communities at least as far north as Suamca and as far south as Guaymas were effected. Captain Juan Bautista de Anza of Fronteras had the following to say about it: "...I went to several Indian villages that had been deserted but were now the most crowded. People were lying in the open where some, unfortunately, were dying, having contracted smallpox..."
1743 epidemic – this epidemic occurred at Sópori in December of 1743 and appears to have been characterized by such devastating symptoms as "yellow vomit, urine retention, and swollen throat"
1744 epidemic – devastated the community of Guevavi in December of 1744, killing at least sixteen people, two of whose burials Manuel José de Sosa recorded twice in the confusion of so many deaths in such a short amount of time
1748 epidemic – was devastating Janos, Nueva Vizcaya, in the summer and fall. It is possibly the same one that started up at the first of 1749 in the Pimería Alta.
1749 epidemic –started in January and ran into May but was in full force during the months of February, March, and April. 91 people died at San Ignacio and Ímuris. Guevavi and Sonoitac lost at least 50.
1751 smallpox – the outbreak seems to have started in Ímuris in mid-may, moving quickly to San Ignacio and was at its worst during the months of July, August, and September in those two places. Guevavi was hit hard in late summer and Sonoitac was devastated in October.
1770 measles – this "epidemia de sarampión" began in December of 1769 and lasted through February. Nineteen natives of San Ignacio died at that mission and one who had traveled to Tubutama. At Oquitoa fourteen children from the Papaguería were baptized on January 21st, most likely because their parents hoped it would prevent them from dying from the disease.
1800 epidemic – an epidemic of unknown cause that killed four children and two youths in the month of April at Tumacácori
1805 epidemic – this disease, which struck Tumacácori in May of 1805, seems to have been characterized by "green vomit" (vómitos verdes)
1816 epidemic –
this "plague" (peste)
appears to have begun in September of 1816 and did not let up until after
1826 epidemic – this epidemic killed fourteen children at Cocóspera in April of 1826 and is probably the same plague that was recorded as measles in Pitiquito later in June as shown below.
1826 measles epidemic – in June Padre Faustino Gonzales baptized 51 people at Pitiquito whose immanent death was expected from measles. Four of them died almost immediately after their baptism but the record of what happened to the others has not been found. This is probably the same epidemic that started in Cocóspera the previous April.
1826 – by typing only “1826” into the title field you will see a list of all the names of the people who either died, or were baptized in expectation of their impending death, at both Cocóspera and Pitiquito.
Expeditions of Juan Bautista de Anza to Alta California
1774 Anza Expedition –
gives a list of the soldiers who accompanied Juan Bautista de Anza on the
expedition to find a land route between
fundador – lists various members of the expedition of
Juan Bautista de Anza in 1775-1776 to found a colony on the Río
ofm – see a list of the Franciscan priests who served in the Pimería Alta
– lists the Jesuit priests who served in
arrest of the Jesuits – gives the Jesuit
Priests of Sonora and Sinaloa who died before they got out of
tepic – a list of six of the seven Jesuits associated with Guevavi and Suamca who died during the forced march between Tepic, Nayarit, and Guadalajara, Jalisco during the general expulsion of the Jesuits (The seventh, Pedro Díaz, did not sign any records during his short stay at Guevavi)
– lists the nineteen Sonoran Jesuits who were shipped out of the
– lists the nine Jesuits who were shipped out of the
independence - The struggle for Mexican independence
disrupted life on the northern frontier even after freedom from
homesteader – In the latter part of the
nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth century many people
homesteaded in the vicinity of the Tumacácori Mission. One homesteader, Carmen
Mendez, applied for and received title to the land that the mission sat on.
Many received the title to their land, but all were forced out in 1914 by the
Supreme Court decision in the
riot – In June of 1903 the
– Generally Indians of the
Nacion – spelled without the accent over the
“o”, will show all of the Nijoras who were listed as
belonging to the “Nijora nation” or the “
Six Nijoras – lists six Nijora children baptized at the
same time on
Three Nijoras – lists three Nijora children baptized at the
same time on
Three Young Adult Nijoras – Lists three young adult Nijoras
baptized on the same day at Caborca (
Five Indian children –
lists five Indian children (3 Nijoras and two Seris)
who were baptized by Padre Antonio Ramos at Pitiquito on the same day,
Two Nijora Adults –
lists two Nijora “adults” (eight to ten years of age) baptized at the same time
by Padre Antonio Ramos at Pitiquito on
Two Nijoras – lists two Nijora children baptized at the
same time on
Four Nijoras – lists four Nijoras,
two children and two adults (ranging in age from five to thirteen years),
baptized by Padre Antonio Ramos at Pitiquito on
Nine Indian children –
lists nine Indian children (six Nijoras, two Jalcheduns, and an apparent Apache) who were baptized by
Padre Francisco Moyano at Caborca on the same day,
Children – lists three Nijora children of gentile parents baptized on the
Six Nijora Children – lists six Nijora children baptized by Padre Francisco Moyano on May 4, 6, 8, and 18, 1793, four of whom were teenagers.
Three Nijora children – lists three Nijora children (Juan Faustino, Juan Faustino, and Juana Faustina) baptized by Padre Faustino Gonzalez at the same time on February 15, 1820 at Caborca. The baptismal record of one of the boys named Juan Faustino also gives an excellent description of the Nijora phenomenon.
Two Nijora children –
lists two Nijora children baptized at the same time by Padre Mariano Nieto of Oquitoa on
Nichor – Nixor – Nicor – Nigor – Nihor – Nifor – Ninfor any of the forgoing will show the various ways that different missionaries spelled the name, often giving an indication of the missionary’s own cultural and language background.
(Passengers to the
pasajero – lists all the passengers to the
1675 pasajero – shows Father Kino’s superior, Juan de Salvatierra and the admiral of the fleet that he was on coming to Nueva España
1678 pasajero – shows Padre Marcos de Loyola, a well-known
missionary in this region, and the captain of the ship “Jesus Nazareno” that brought 27 Jesuits to
1692 pasajero – lists 33 priests who came to
Pima Uprising of 1751
house of Luis – see a list of the two women and nine children who were burned to death in Oacpicagigua's house at Saric the evening before the main uprising began
rebellion – records of people killed in the Pima Rebellion of 1751
revolt – list of those who died in the aftermath of the Pima Rebellion of 1751
uprising – lists the officials who were involved in the aftermath of the Pima Rebellion of 1751.
Presently there is only one probate record in the system -
that of Gregorio Álvarez Tuñón
y Quirós, the infamous captain of the Presidio of
Santa Rosa de Corodéguachi, commonly called Fronteras. After being sacked as its commander in 1726, and
while awaiting trial in
PIGA – gives an alphabetical listing of all 209 early Sonorans associated with the record
APIGA – in the title search will list five auctioneers or “public cryers” (pregoneros) who auctioned everything off - three were mulatos, one Negro, and one unidentified - three were slaves, one was free, and one unidentified.
BPIGA – shows a list of all 28 successful bidders at the fifteen different auctions that were held to sell off all of Don Gregorio’s property. By clicking on any of their individual numbers, you can look at what they bought - including his gold toothpick and how much it went for.
hospital – see a list of officials who worked
Sacred Datura Poisoning
Sacred Datura – lists people poisoned by ingesting some portion of the Sacred Datura plant
Killed by Seris –
gives the names of three people, including one priest, who were killed by Seri
Indians near Mission Átil on
Troop Reviews and Censuses
lists 162 active and retired soldiers and officers of the Presidio of Janos on
Padrón de Arizona-1752 – lists thirteen
people living at the ranchería of
Padrón de Guevavi-1752 – lists sixty-six people living at Mission Guevavi on Arpil 14, 1752. The horrible smallpox epidemic of the summer before is apparent in the absence of small children in this census.
Padrón de Sópori-1752 – lists eighteen people living at Sópori. There were no native officials. There was also only one child under the age of twelve, a probable sign of the smallpox epidemic.
Padrón de Tubac-1752 – lists forty people
living at Tubac on
Terrenate-1775 – lists 56 soldiers, officers, and
scouts of the Presidio of Terrenate on
Tubac-1752 – lists the original 51 soldiers and officers who signed up for
the new presidial company after the Pima uprising of
1751. The soldiers were already recruited and the troop review was carried out
Tubac-1767 – lists 54 non-military
residents of Tubac on
Tubac-1775 – lists 56 soldiers, officers, and scouts of the Presidio of
Volante-1775 – lists 43 soldiers and officers of
the “Flying Company” stationed at the Presidio of Terrenate