Gray Whale Migration
There is a mystery about these beautiful giants. Like humans, they breathe air, have warm blood, and give birth to live young. However, their home is in the depths of the dark ocean where so much is concealed from our probing human eyes. As gray whales migrate along the Pacific Coast, we may have a brief chance to view them before their return to a world that remains mysterious.
Engaging in the longest migration of any mammal, the California gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) swims ~16,000 kilometers (~10,000 miles) each year, spending about one third of its life migrating from the cold, nutrient-rich waters of Alaska, to the warm, shallow lagoons of Baja California. Along the way, these incredible animals can often be seen from the shores of Point Reyes. What drives the gray whale to undertake this incredible annual round trip from Alaska to Baja? Food and reproduction. They feed for the majority of the year in cold, food-rich waters off of Alaska, but then need to migrate south to the warm, salty lagoons of Baja California where they give birth in the winter.
When is the Gray Whale Migration?
While some gray whale begin their migration from Alaskan waters in October and others don't return to Alaska from Baja California until June, here at Point Reyes National Seashore, the peak of the southern migration usually occurs in mid-January and that of the northern migration in mid-March. Late April and early May afford visitors the best opportunity to see mothers and calves close to shore.
Why is Point Reyes a Good Whale Watching Location?
The headlands of the Point Reyes Peninsula offer one of the finest spots to view the gray whale along the California coast (weather permitting). Offshore lies the Gulf of the Farallones (protected by the Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary), which provides a 32-kilometer (20-mile) wide "highway" along which the whales cruise. Similar to automobile travel on U.S. roadways that run north to south, gray whales travel in the western lane (farther out to sea) as they migrate south past Point Reyes in December and January, and in the eastern lane (closer to shore) as they migrate north past Point Reyes in March, April, and May. The Point Reyes Peninsula juts 16 kilometers (10 miles) into the Pacific Ocean, allowing land-based visitors to get closer to the middle of the "highway," rather than only being able to view the whales from the eastern "sidewalk." As a result, whale watchers can potentially see many more whale from the Point Reyes Headlands (e.g., the Chimney Rock and the Point Reyes Lighthouse areas) than from along the park's beaches or most other locations along the California coastline.
Lighthouse Restoration Project's Impacts on Whale Watching
On Monday, August 6, 2018, Point Reyes National Seashore began a large restoration project on the historic Point Reyes Lighthouse. Visitors may watch for whales from the lighthouse visitors' parking lot and from the Sea Lion Overlook, but there will be no public access beyond the visitors' parking lot until the restoration project is completed in early winter 2019–2020. This website's 2018 Lighthouse Restoration blog and our social media platforms on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram will keep you up-to-date on the progress of the restoration project, so bookmark these and check back in the future.
Visit our Gray Whales at Point Reyes page.
Numerous ranger-led programs are offered during the Whale and Elephant Seal Season.
Winter Shuttle Bus System
IMPORTANT NOTE: The shuttle bus system has been cancelled for winter 2018–2019.
Other Whale Watching Locations
Some of the best places to view whales from shore besides Point Reyes National Seashore are listed below:
(drive times and distances are approximate)
North of Point Reyes National Seashore
Bodega Head Park and Sonoma Coast State Beach - Phone: 707-875-3483. From Highway 1 take Westshore Road to the end of Westside Road. 1 hour north of Point Reyes
Bluffs at Eckert Acquisition, approximately 13 kilometers (8 miles) north of Jenner on Highway 1.
Fort Ross State Park - Phone: 707-847-3286. 19 kilometers (12 miles) north of Jenner on Highway 1.
Stillwater Cove Regional Park - Phone: 707-847-3245. 5 kilometers (3 miles) north of Fort Ross on Highway 1.
Salt Point State Park - Phone: 707-847-3221, 16 kilometers (10 miles) north of Fort Ross on Highway 1.
South of Point Reyes National Seashore
Golden Gate National Recreation Area - Phone: 415-331-1540. Take Alexander Avenue exit off Highway 101, north of Golden Gate Bridge. Use Conzelman Rd. to Point Bonita, or Bunker Rd. to Rodeo Beach.
Point Montara Lighthouse - Phone: 650-728-7177 (hostel). Highway 1 & 16 Street, less than 0.8 kilometer (0.5 mile) south of Montara (15 minutes south of San Francisco). Call ahead for more information on day use.
Highway 1 Bluffs
Bluffs along Highway 1 south of Pescadero to Pigeon Point Road.
Pigeon Point Lighthouse - Phone: 650-879-0633 (hostel). 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of Half Moon Bay (about an hour south of San Francisco). Half Moon Bay is about 30 minutes south of San Francisco. Call ahead for more information on day use.
Ano Nuevo State Reserve - Phone: 650-879-0227. Highway 1 at New Year's Creek. 43 kilometers (27 miles) south of Half Moon Bay on Highway 1.
Whale watching by boat
Our Outfitters & Tours page lists the businesses and organizations offering Whale Watching trips out of San Francisco Bay and Bodega Bay.
The Whale Trail
The Whale Trail is a series of sites along the Pacific coast where the public may view whales and other marine mammals from shore. The Whale Trail's mission is to inspire appreciation and stewardship of whales and our marine environment by establishing a network of viewing sites along the whales' trails through Puget Sound and the coastal waters of the Pacific.
Last updated: August 29, 2019